eLearning is developed using a range of methodologies. One of the well-known methods is the ADDIE model. As everyone already knows, ADDIE stands for Analyse, Design, Develop, Implement, and Evaluate.
This is a simple approach to design. Each step encompasses a wide range of activities.
Analyse – this is all the foundation work. The hard yards. It includes:
- Analyse the requirements of the training by identifying the required state and the actual current state (including developing metrics).
- Goals and objectives.
- Learner personas. There should be 4-8 different personas, each persona should identify the learners’ characteristics, role, needs, skills, and learning style.
- How the eLearning will be hosted and what devices it will be used on.
- Delivery and assessment strategy.
- Source materials to develop content from.
Design – this is where the fun begins. The design phase is where you start to get creative. Things to consider at this stage include:
- Strategy for the three core elements; learning, visual design, and technical design.
- User interface.
- Prototype concept/s.
- Graphic design (fonts, colour palette, mood board etc).
- Media (graphics, photos, videos, audio etc).
- Levels of interactivity.
- Feedback mechanisms.
- Cognitive skills required to achieve learning goals.
- Learner styles.
Develop – Now you get to build it. This phase brings together the first two phases. It includes:
- Write content.
- Build multimedia.
- Build interface, interactions, and assessments.
- Communications plan.
- Carry out technical and user experience testing.
- Copyright considerations.
Implement – during this phase the eLearning course is put on line. It includes:
- Uploading to LMS.
- Functional testing.
- Communicating to business.
- Enrolling learners.
- Monitoring completion rates.
Evaluate – once the training has been conducted, it’s time to see if it was effective. This includes:
- Gathering and analysing learner feedback.
- Develop evaluation metrics for learner/workplace change.
- Gather information on learner performance in the workplace.
- Analyse data against metrics to determine the amount of change the learning has enabled.
- Report the results.
There are a variety of development processes out there. An awareness of these processes may help you decide what fits you, as well as your stakeholders.